I won’t talk about specifics of the sessions as I find that to be unethical. We’re all in there at the invitation of this nation to find way in which we can recoup losses, ameliorate passions and find a way forward for us all to live peacefully together. I will; however, share with you my submission yesterday through which I hope to have imparted the importance of protecting freedom of speech and everyone’s right to that freedom because I firmly believe that without it, unchecked power will corrupt, with all of what that entails.
I also related, other than what you’re going to read below, that apart from the Press & Publications Law currently under discussion in parliament – as it has been since 2002 – which is destined to replace the contentious Law 47 or 2002 and in it, we were assured, that it shall not call for the imprisonment of journalists, while the loopholes leading to the Penal Code are still to be ironed out – that we need to think of what happens beyond this to-be-promulgated law. We need a to think of a way beyond that still, version 3.0 if you will.
My contention is that with the frenetic speed of change in the media industry, we no longer need a strenuous and extremely detailed law which by definition of this pace of change will be obsolescent at best or obsolete at worst on release. What we probably need is the encouragement of self-regulation and an ombudsman charged from within the industry to oversee it.
If there were a law to be considered, then let that be a strong libel code to which journalists and bloggers or anyone else for that matter be held to account. That code must not condone imprisonment for expressing and opinion, but levy financial fines which will make people think much more seriously about libeling anyone. And calling someone stupid or swearing at them or something like that should never be counted as libel, improper social behavior, maybe, but libel, no! I personally think that this will be a much more effective way to limit intransigence and more importantly will improve and raise the level of journalism we currently are encumbered with.
I’m hopeful that a consensus will be reached in which freedoms will be seen as important and necessary through which society as a whole can be improved, and longer term thinking – certainly beyond Feb 14 – can be adopted in which a much better future is envisioned and is less restricted than what we currently have.
Freedom of Speech
Our international metrics and rankings – particularly those concerned with freedoms of expression – have deteriorated significantly since 2002.
What started as a promise for freedom of expression in this country has now transformed into a nightmare.
Rankings in press freedoms have descended from an RSF high of 67 in 2002 – the best in the Gulf – to languishing now at 144 just ahead of Saudi Arabia, second last in this important international ranking. The latest Press Freedom Report ranks it even worse, ranking Bahrain at 159, rating it at 72 and giving it the status of â€œNot Freeâ€.
The Internet Freedom indices have not faired any better. We are a highly connected country, ranked second in the Arab world, with multiple internet access providers with a rising Internet population from 40,000 in 2000 to around 500,000 in 2009, most of whom access the internet through broadband and a rapidly rising access rate through mobile devices. Yet with this quantum leap was faced not with an explosion of Internet-based businesses and a rise of innovation and discoveries, but with the Great Wall of Bahrain!
Thousands of websites are now blocked with just an administrative nod, but in order to rescind that ban, a website owner needs to resort to the judicial authorities. And for those who say that the block notice page has a function to send an unblock request, I suggest they try it. Youâ€™ll end up in a 404 loop! It continuously results in submission errors strengthening the opinion that there is absolutely no intention to communicate with the public, nor is there any intention to actually entertain any unblock requests.
All of this has not gone unnoticed by the international community. Freedom House has bestowed a ranking of 62 on Bahrain, with a status of â€œNot Freeâ€.
Is this â€œBusiness Friendly Bahrainâ€?
Do you think that with this attitude that Bahrain will breed any Internet innovators? Can we expect that a Google, or Facebook, or a Yahoo!, or a Twitter, or even a Maktoob to be invented here? How can we expect that anyone would bother thinking of Internet businesses or innovations in a country where there is no guarantee that your business venture wonâ€™t be shut down arbitrarily?
Personal freedoms have even reached an all time low recently with people being dragged off in the middle of the night or at dawn to languish in unknown locations for days, weeks or months for simply â€œLikingâ€ a post on Facebook or re-Tweeting a message.
The main industry and wealth-building facet of countries now is knowledge-based, how can we join the journey if the state harbours such a hostility to the very essence of future growth?
We need to reverse that spiral of ignominy. We need to release the bounds hampering our growth. We need to remove the shackles to seeking knowledge. We need to transform that Great Wall of Bahrain into a bridge on which Bahrainis can reach a more conducive and constructive knowledge-based future.
Therefore; I propose the following:
- do not jail journalists, bloggers or anyone else for that matter for simply expressing their opinions
- enshrine and protect freedoms, especially those concerned with expression
- allow people to reach the internet without restriction and regard this as a basic human right
- remove all internet filters and screening software
- should there be a need to ban a website, an order must be sought from a higher judicial authority rather than the ban be effected through an administrative order
Ø§Ù„ØÙˆØ§Ø± Ø§Ù„ÙˆØ·Ù†ÙŠ â€“ ØØ±ÙŠØ© Ø§Ù„ØªØ¹Ø¨ÙŠØ± Ùˆ ØØ±ÙŠØ© Ø§Ù„Ø±Ø£ÙŠ â€“ Ù¡Ù ÙŠÙˆÙ„Ùˆ Ù¢Ù Ù¡Ù¡
Ù…Ù…Ø§ ÙŠØ¤Ø³ÙŽÙ Ù„Ù‡ Ø£Ù†Ù†Ø§ Ø±Ø£ÙŠÙ†Ø§ ÙƒÙŠÙ ØªØ¯Ù‡ÙˆØ± ØªØ±ØªÙŠØ¨ Ø§Ù„Ø¨ØØ±ÙŠÙ† Ù…Ù†Ø° Ø§Ù„Ø¹Ø§Ù… 2002Ù… ØªØ¯Ù‡ÙˆØ±Ø§Ù‹ ØØ§Ø¯Ø§Ù‹ ÙÙŠ Ø§Ù„Ù…Ù‚Ø§ÙŠÙŠØ³ Ø§Ù„Ø¹Ø§Ù„Ù…ÙŠØ© Ù„Ù„ØØ±ÙŠØ§Øª Ùˆ Ø¹Ù„Ù‰ Ø§Ù„Ø£Ø®Øµ Ù…Ù†Ù‡Ø§ ØªÙ„Ùƒ Ø§Ù„Ù…ØªØ¹Ù„Ù‚Ø© Ø¨ØØ±ÙŠØ© Ø§Ù„ØªØ¹Ø¨ÙŠØ±ØŒ ÙÙ…Ø§ Ø¨Ø¯Ø£ Ù„Ø¯ÙŠÙ†Ø§ ÙƒØ¨Ø§Ø¯Ø±Ø© Ø§Ù†ÙØªØ§Ø ØªØ¨Ø´Ø± Ø¨ØªØ£ØµÙŠÙ„ ØØ±ÙŠØ© Ø§Ù„ØªØ¹Ø¨ÙŠØ± ÙÙŠ Ù…Ø¬ØªÙ…Ø¹Ù†Ø§ ØªØÙˆÙ„ Ø¥Ù„Ù‰ ÙƒØ§Ø¨ÙˆØ³ ÙŠØ¬Ø«Ù… Ø¹Ù„Ù‰ Ø§Ù„ØµØ¯ÙˆØ±.
ÙÙŠ Ø¹Ø§Ù… 2002 Ø£ØØ±Ø²Øª Ø§Ù„Ø¨ØØ±ÙŠÙ† Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø±ØªØ¨Ø© 67 ÙÙŠ Ø§Ù„ØªØµÙ†ÙŠÙ Ø§Ù„Ø¹Ø§Ù„Ù…ÙŠ Ù„ØØ±ÙŠØ© Ø§Ù„ØµØØ§ÙØ© Ù„Ø¯Ù‰ Ù…Ù†Ø¸Ù…Ø© “Ù…Ø±Ø§Ø³Ù„ÙŠÙ† Ø¨Ù„Ø§ ØØ¯ÙˆØ¯” Ùˆ Ù‡Ùˆ ØªØ±ØªÙŠØ¨ Ù…ØªÙ‚Ø¯Ù… Ùˆ ÙƒØ§Ù† Ø§Ù„Ø£ÙØ¶Ù„ Ø®Ù„ÙŠØ¬ÙŠØ§Ù‹ Ùˆ Ø¥Ø°Ø§ Ø¨Ù†Ø§ Ù†ØªØ±Ø§Ø¬Ø¹ Ø¥Ù„Ù‰ Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø±ØªØ¨Ø© 144 Ùˆ Ù‡ÙŠ Ù…Ø±ØªØ¨Ø© Ù…ØªØ£Ø®Ø±Ø© Ø¬Ø¯Ø§Ù‹. Ø£Ù…Ø§ ÙÙŠ Ø¢Ø®Ø± ØªÙ‚Ø±ÙŠØ± Ù„Ù…Ù†Ø¸Ù…Ø© Ø¹Ø§Ù„Ù…ÙŠØ© Ø£Ø®Ø±Ù‰ Ùˆ Ù‡ÙŠ ÙØ±ÙŠØ¯Ù… Ù‡Ø§ÙˆØ³ ÙØ§Ù„ÙˆØ¶Ø¹ Ø£Ø³ÙˆØ£ Ø¨ÙƒØ«ÙŠØ± ÙÙ‚Ø¯ ØªØ±Ø§Ø¬Ø¹ ØªØ±ØªÙŠØ¨ Ø§Ù„Ø¨ØØ±ÙŠÙ† Ø¥Ù„Ù‰ 159 Ùˆ ØÙŠØ« ØØ§Ø²Øª Ø¹Ù„Ù‰ ØªÙ‚ÙŠÙŠÙ… 72 Ù…Ù…Ø§ ÙŠØ¶Ø¹Ù‡Ø§ ÙÙŠ Ø®Ø§Ù†Ø© Ø§Ù„Ø¯ÙˆÙ„ Ø§Ù„Ù€ “ØºÙŠØ± ØØ±Ø©”.
Ùˆ Ø£Ø°Ø§ Ø£ØªÙŠÙ†Ø§ Ù„ØªØµÙ†ÙŠÙ ØØ±ÙŠØ© Ø§Ù„Ø§Ù†ØªØ±Ù†Øª ÙÙ„Ù… ÙŠÙƒÙ† Ø£Ø¯Ø§Ø¤Ù†Ø§ Ø¨Ø£ÙØ¶Ù„ ØØ§Ù„Ø§Ù‹. ÙØ±ØºÙ… Ø£Ù† Ø§Ù„Ø¨ØØ±ÙŠÙ† ØªØ¹Ø¯ Ø§Ù„Ø«Ø§Ù†ÙŠØ© Ø¹Ø±Ø¨ÙŠØ§Ù‹ ÙÙŠ Ø§Ù†ØªØ´Ø§Ø± Ø§Ù„Ø§Ù†ØªØ±Ù†Øª ÙÙŠÙ‡Ø§ØŒ ÙÙ„Ø¯ÙŠÙ†Ø§ Ø¹Ø¯Ø© Ù…Ø²ÙˆØ¯ÙŠÙ† Ù„Ø®Ø¯Ù…Ø© Ø§Ù„Ø§Ù†ØªØ±Ù†Øª ÙˆÙ‚Ø¯ Ø§Ø±ØªÙØ¹ ØªØ¹Ø¯Ø§Ø¯ Ø§Ù„Ù…ØªØµÙ„ÙŠÙ† Ø¨Ø§Ù„Ø§Ù†ØªØ±Ù†Øª ÙÙŠ Ø§Ù„Ø¨ØØ±ÙŠÙ† Ù…Ù† Ø£Ø±Ø¨Ø¹ÙŠÙ† Ø£Ù„ÙØ§Ù‹ (40000) ÙÙŠ Ø¹Ø§Ù… 2000 Ø¥Ù„Ù‰ Ù†ØµÙ Ù…Ù„ÙŠÙˆÙ† ØªÙ‚Ø±ÙŠØ¨Ø§Ù‹ ÙÙŠ 2009 Ùˆ Ù…Ø¹Ø¸Ù… Ù‡Ø¤Ù„Ø§Ø¡ ÙŠØªØµÙ„ÙˆÙ† Ø¨Ø§Ù„Ø§Ù†ØªØ±Ù†Øª Ø¹Ø¨Ø± Ø´Ø¨ÙƒØ© Ø§Ù„Ø¨Ø±ÙˆØ¯Ø¨Ø§Ù†Ø¯ Ø§Ù„Ø³Ø±ÙŠØ¹Ø© ØŒ Ù…Ø¹ ØªØ²Ø§ÙŠØ¯ ÙÙŠ Ø§Ø±ØªÙØ§Ø¹ Ø£Ø¹Ø¯Ø§Ø¯ Ù…Ù† ÙŠØªØµÙ„ÙˆÙ† Ø¨Ø§Ù„Ø§Ù†ØªØ±Ù†Øª Ø¹Ø¨Ø± Ø§Ù„Ù‡ÙˆØ§ØªÙ Ùˆ Ø§Ù„Ø£Ø¬Ù‡Ø²Ø© Ø§Ù„Ù…ØÙ…ÙˆÙ„Ø© ØŒ Ù„ÙƒÙ† Ù‡Ø°Ø§ Ø§Ù„Ø§Ø±ØªÙØ§Ø¹ Ø§Ù„Ø¹Ø¯Ø¯ÙŠ Ù„Ù… ÙŠÙ‚Ø§Ø¨Ù„Ù‡ Ø§Ø±ØªÙØ§Ø¹ Ù…ÙˆØ§Ø² Ùˆ Ù…Ù…Ø§Ø«Ù„ ÙÙŠ Ù…Ø¹Ø¯Ù„ Ø§Ù„ØªØ¬Ø§Ø±Ø© ÙˆØ§Ù„Ø£Ø¹Ù…Ø§Ù„ Ø§Ù„ØªÙŠ ØªØ¹ØªÙ…Ø¯ Ø§Ù„Ø§Ù†ØªØ±Ù†Øª ÙƒØ¨ÙŠØ¦Ø© Ù„Ø¹Ù…Ù„Ù‡Ø§ Ùˆ Ù„Ù… Ù†Ø± Ø§Ø±ØªÙØ§Ø¹Ø§Ù‹ ÙÙŠ Ø§Ù„Ø§Ø¨Ø¯Ø§Ø¹ Ùˆ Ø§Ù„Ø§ÙƒØªØ´Ø§Ù ÙÙŠ Ù‡Ø°Ø§ Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø¬Ø§Ù„ ØŒ Ø¨Ù„ Ù‚Ø§Ø¨Ù„Ù‡ Ø¬Ø¯Ø§Ø± Ù…Ù†ÙŠØ¹ Ø£Ø´Ø¨Ù‡ Ø¨Ø³ÙˆØ± Ø§Ù„ØµÙŠÙ† Ø§Ù„Ø¹Ø¸ÙŠÙ….
ÙÙ€Ø¨Ù€”Ø³ÙˆØ± Ø§Ù„Ø¨ØØ±ÙŠÙ† Ø§Ù„Ø¹Ø¸ÙŠÙ…” ØªØØ¸Ø± Ø§Ù„Ø¢Ù„Ø§Ù Ù…Ù† Ù…ÙˆØ§Ù‚Ø¹ Ø§Ù„Ø§Ù†ØªØ±Ù†Øª ØŒ Ùˆ ÙŠØªÙ… Ø°Ù„Ùƒ Ø§Ù„ØØ¸Ø± Ø¨Ù‚Ø±Ø§Ø± Ø¥Ø¯Ø§Ø±ÙŠ ØŒ Ùˆ Ø¥Ø°Ø§ Ø£Ø±Ø§Ø¯ Ø£ØØ¯ Ø£ÙŠ ÙŠØ·Ù„Ø¨ Ø±ÙØ¹ Ø§Ù„Ù…Ù†Ø¹ Ø¹Ù† Ù…ÙˆÙ‚Ø¹Ù‡ ÙØ¹Ù„ÙŠÙ‡ Ø§Ù„Ù„Ø¬ÙˆØ¡ Ø¥Ù„Ù‰ Ø§Ù„Ù‚Ø¶Ø§Ø¡ ØŒ Ùˆ Ø£Ù‚ÙˆÙ„ Ù„Ù…Ù† ÙŠØ²Ø¹Ù…ÙˆÙ† Ø£Ù†Ù‡ ÙŠÙ…ÙƒÙ† Ø¥Ø±Ø³Ø§Ù„ Ø·Ù„Ø¨ Ø¥Ù„ÙƒØªØ±ÙˆÙ†ÙŠ Ù„Ø±ÙØ¹ Ø§Ù„Ù…Ù†Ø¹ Ø£Ù† ØØ§ÙˆÙ„ÙˆØ§ Ø°Ù„Ùƒ Ø¨Ø£Ù†ÙØ³ÙƒÙ… Ù„ØªØ±ÙˆØ§ Ø¥Ù† ÙƒØ§Ù†Øª Ø±Ø³Ø§Ù„ØªÙƒÙ… Ø³ØªØµÙ„ Ù„Ø£ØØ¯! Ø¥Ù† Ø¹Ø¯Ù… ØªÙˆÙÙŠØ± Ø·Ø±ÙŠÙ‚Ø© Ù„Ø·Ù„Ø¨ Ø±ÙØ¹ Ø§Ù„Ù…Ù†Ø¹ Ø¥Ù„ÙƒØªØ±ÙˆÙ†ÙŠØ§Ù‹ Ù„Ù‡Ùˆ Ø£Ù…Ø± ÙŠÙ‚ÙˆÙŠ Ù„Ø¯ÙŠÙ†Ø§ Ø§Ù„Ø¸Ù† Ø¨Ø£Ù† Ø§Ù„Ø¬Ù‡Ø© Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø¹Ù†ÙŠØ© Ø¨Ø§Ù„Ù…Ù†Ø¹ Ù„Ø§ Ù†ÙŠØ© Ù„Ø¯ÙŠÙ‡Ø§ Ø£ØµÙ„Ø§Ù‹ Ù„Ù„ØªÙˆØ§ØµÙ„ Ù…Ø¹ Ø§Ù„Ø¬Ù…Ù‡ÙˆØ±ØŒ Ø£Ùˆ Ø§Ù„Ù†Ø¸Ø± ÙÙŠ Ø£ÙŠ Ø·Ù„Ø¨ Ù„Ø±ÙØ¹ Ø§Ù„ØØ¸Ø± Ø¹Ù† Ø§Ù„Ù…ÙˆØ§Ù‚Ø¹ Ø§Ù„Ù…Ù…Ù†ÙˆØ¹Ø©.
Ù‡Ù„ Ù‡Ø°Ø§ Ù‡Ùˆ Ù…Ø§ Ù†Ø¹Ù†ÙŠÙ‡ Ø¨Ø´Ø¹Ø§Ø±â€® â€® â€¬Bahrain Friendly Businessâ€® â€¬ ØŸ
Ù‡Ù„ Ù†ØµØ¯Ù‚ Ø£Ù†Ù‡ ÙÙŠ ÙˆØ¶Ø¹ ÙƒÙ‡Ø°Ø§ ÙŠÙ…ÙƒÙ† Ù„Ù„Ø¨ØØ±ÙŠÙ† Ø£Ù† ØªÙ†Ø¬Ø¨ Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø¨ØªÙƒØ±ÙŠÙ† Ø£Ùˆ Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø¨Ø¯Ø¹ÙŠÙ† Ø£Ùˆ Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø¨Ø§Ø¯Ø±ÙŠÙ† ÙÙŠ Ù…Ø¬Ø§Ù„ Ø§Ù„Ø£Ø¹Ù…Ø§Ù„ Ø¹Ù„Ù‰ Ø§Ù„Ø¥Ù†ØªØ±Ù†ØªØŸ Ù‡Ù„â€® â€¬ÙŠÙ…ÙƒÙ†Ù†Ø§ Ø£Ù† Ù†ØªÙˆÙ‚Ø¹ Ø£Ù†Ù‡â€® â€¬ÙÙŠ ÙŠÙˆÙ… Ù…Ø§ ÙŠÙ…ÙƒÙ† Ø£Ù† â€¬ÙŠØ®ØªØ±Ø¹ Ø¨ØØ±ÙŠÙ†ÙŠ Ù…Ù†ØªØ¬Ø§Ù‹ Ù…Ø«Ù„â€® â€® â€Google Ø£Ùˆâ€® â€¬Facebook Ø£Ùˆâ€® â€¬Yahoo Ø£Ùˆâ€® â€¬Twitter Ø£Ùˆ ØØªÙ‰â€® â€¬MaktoobØŸ
ÙƒÙŠÙâ€® â€¬ÙŠÙ…ÙƒÙ† Ù„Ù†Ø§ Ø£Ù† Ù†ØªÙˆÙ‚Ø¹ Ø£Ù† Ø£ØØ¯Ø§ Ù…Ø§ Ø³ÙŠÙƒÙ„Ù Ù†ÙØ³Ù‡ Ø¹Ù†Ø§Ø¡ Ø§Ù„ØªÙÙƒÙŠØ± ÙÙŠâ€® Ø£Ø¹Ù…Ø§Ù„ Ø£Ùˆ Ø§Ø¨ØªÙƒØ§Ø±Ø§Øª Ø§Ù„Ø§Ù†ØªØ±Ù†Øª ØÙŠØ« Ù„Ø§â€® â€¬ÙŠÙˆØ¬Ø¯ Ø¶Ù…Ø§Ù† Ø§Ù†Ù‡ Ù„Ù† ÙŠØªÙØ§Ø¬Ø£ ÙŠÙˆÙ…Ø§Ù‹ Ø¨Ø¥ÙŠÙ‚Ø§Ù ØªØ¹Ø³ÙÙŠâ€® â€¬Ù„Ø¥Ø³ØªØ«Ù…Ø§Ø±Ù‡ØŸ
Ù‡Ø°Ø§ ÙˆÙ‚Ø¯ ÙˆØµÙ„Øª Ø§Ù„Ø£Ù…ÙˆØ± ÙÙŠâ€® â€¬Ø§Ù„Ø¢ÙˆÙ†Ø© Ø§Ù„Ø£Ø®ÙŠØ±Ø© Ù„Ø£Ø¯Ù†Ù‰ Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø³ØªÙˆÙŠØ§Øª Ø³ÙˆØ¡Ø§Ù‹ ØŒ ÙØµØ§Ø± Ø§Ù„Ù†Ø§Ø³â€® â€¬ÙŠØ³ØØ¨ÙˆÙ† Ù…Ù† Ø¨ÙŠÙˆØªÙ‡Ù… ÙÙŠâ€® â€¬Ù…Ù†ØªØµÙ Ø§Ù„Ù„ÙŠÙ„ Ùˆ Ø¹Ù†Ø¯ Ø§Ù„ÙØ¬Ø± Ù„ÙŠØ¹ØªÙ‚Ù„ÙˆØ§ ÙÙŠâ€® â€¬Ø£Ù…Ø§ÙƒÙ† Ù…Ø¬Ù‡ÙˆÙ„Ø© Ù„ÙØªØ±Ø§Øª Ù„ÙŠØ³Øª Ø¨Ø§Ù„Ù‚ØµÙŠØ±Ø© Ù„Ù…Ø¬Ø±Ø¯ Ø§Ù„ØªØ¹Ø¨ÙŠØ± Ø¹Ù† Ø¢Ø±Ø§Ø¦Ù‡Ù… Ø¹Ù„Ù‰ Ø§Ù„Ø§Ù†ØªØ±Ù†Øª ØŒ ÙƒØ£Ù† ÙŠØ¶ÙŠÙÙˆØ§â€® â€¬Likeâ€ â€¬Ø¹Ù„Ù‰ Facebook Ø£Ùˆ ÙŠØ¹ÙŠØ¯ÙˆØ§ Ø¥Ø±Ø³Ø§Ù„â€ â€¬Ø±Ø³Ø§Ù„Ø© â€¬Ø¹Ù„Ù‰ â€Twitter.â€¬
Ø¥Ù† Ø§Ù„ØµÙ†Ø§Ø¹Ø© Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø¹Ø±ÙÙŠØ© Ù‡ÙŠâ€® â€¬Ø§Ù„Ø±ÙƒÙŠØ²Ø© Ø§Ù„Ø£Ø³Ø§Ø³ÙŠØ© Ù„Ù„Ø«Ø±ÙˆØ© Ø§Ù„Ø§Ù‚ØªØµØ§Ø¯ÙŠØ© ÙÙŠâ€® â€¬Ø§Ù„Ø¹Ø§Ù„Ù… Ø§Ù„Ø¢Ù†â€®. â€¬ÙÙƒÙ„ Ø§Ù„Ù…ÙŠØ§Ø¯ÙŠÙ† Ù‚Ø§Ø¦Ù…Ø© Ø¹Ù„Ù‰ ØµÙ†Ø§Ø¹Ø© Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø¹Ø±ÙØ© Ø§Ù„ØªÙŠâ€® â€¬ØªØ¹ØªØ¨Ø± Ø§Ù„Ø¥Ù†ØªØ±Ù†Øª Ùˆ Ø§Ù„ÙƒÙ„Ù…Ø© Ø§Ù„ØØ±Ø© Ø¹Ù…ÙˆØ¯Ù‡Ø§ Ø§Ù„ÙÙ‚Ø±ÙŠØŒâ€® â€¬ÙÙƒÙŠÙâ€® â€¬ÙŠÙ…ÙƒÙ†Ù†Ø§ Ø§Ù„Ø§Ù†Ø¶Ù…Ø§Ù… Ø¥Ù„Ù‰ Ù‡Ø°Ù‡ Ø§Ù„Ø±ØÙ„Ø© Ø¥Ø°Ø§ ÙƒØ§Ù†Øª Ø£Ø¬Ù‡Ø²Ø© Ø§Ù„Ø¯ÙˆÙ„Ø© ØªÙŽÙƒÙÙ†Ù‘ Ù…Ø«Ù„ Ù‡Ø°Ø§ Ø§Ù„Ø¹Ø¯Ø§Ø¡ Ù„Ø¬ÙˆÙ‡Ø± Ø§Ù„Ù†Ù…Ùˆ â€®â€¬Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø³ØªÙ‚Ø¨Ù„ÙŠØŸ
Ù†ØÙ† Ø¨ØØ§Ø¬Ø© Ø¥Ù„Ù‰ Ø£Ù† Ù†Ø¹ÙƒØ³ ØªÙŠØ§Ø± Ù‡Ø°Ù‡ Ø§Ù„Ø¯ÙˆØ§Ù…Ø© Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø®Ø¬Ù„Ø©ØŒ Ùˆ Ù„Ø§ ÙŠÙ…ÙƒÙ†Ù†Ø§ Ø°Ù„Ùƒ Ø¥Ù„Ø§ Ø¥Ø°Ø§ Ø£Ø²Ù„Ù†Ø§ Ø§Ù„ØØ¯ÙˆØ¯ Ø§Ù„ØªÙŠâ€® â€¬ØªØ¹ÙˆÙ‚ Ù†Ù…ÙˆÙ†Ø§ Ùˆ ÙÙƒÙƒÙ†Ø§ Ø§Ù„Ù‚ÙŠÙˆØ¯ Ø§Ù„ØªÙŠ ÙˆØ¶Ø¹Ù†Ø§Ù‡Ø§ Ø¹Ù„Ù‰ Ø·Ù„Ø¨ Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø¹Ø±ÙØ©.â€¬ Ø¹Ù„ÙŠÙ†Ø§ Ø¨Ø¥Ø³ØªØ¨Ø¯Ø§Ù„ Ø³ÙˆØ± Ø§Ù„Ø¨ØØ±ÙŠÙ† Ø§Ù„Ø¹Ø¸ÙŠÙ… Ø¨Ø¬Ø³Ø± ÙŠØ³Ø§Ø¹Ø¯ Ø§Ù„Ø¨ØØ±ÙŠÙ† Ùˆ Ø£Ø¨Ù†Ø§Ø¦Ù‡Ø§ Ù„Ù„ÙˆÙ„ÙˆØ¬ Ù„Ù…Ø³ØªÙ‚Ø¨Ù„ Ù…Ø¹Ø±ÙÙŠÙ‘ Ø£ÙØ¶Ù„.
ÙÙ„Ø°Ø§â€® â€¬ØŒâ€® â€¬Ø£Ù‚ØªØ±Ø Ø§Ù„Ø¢ØªÙŠâ€® :â€¬
1. Ø¹Ø¯Ù… Ø³Ø¬Ù† Ø§Ù„ØµØÙÙŠâ€® â€¬Ø£ÙˆØ§Ù„Ù…Ø¯ÙˆÙ† Ø£Ùˆ Ø£ÙŠÙ‘â€® â€¬ÙƒØ§Ù† Ù„Ù…Ø¬Ø±Ø¯ Ø§Ù„ØªØ¹Ø¨ÙŠØ± Ø¹Ù† Ø¢Ø±Ø§Ø¦Ù‡Ù….
2. ØªÙƒØ±ÙŠØ³ Ùˆ ØÙ…Ø§ÙŠØ© Ø§Ù„ØØ±ÙŠØ§Øªâ€® â€¬ØŒâ€® â€¬Ø®ØµÙˆØµØ§ ØªÙ„Ùƒ Ø§Ù„Ù…ØªØ¹Ù„Ù‚Ø© Ø¨ØØ±ÙŠØ© Ø§Ù„ØªØ¹Ø¨ÙŠØ±.
3. Ø§Ù„Ø³Ù…Ø§Ø Ù„Ù„Ù†Ø§Ø³ Ø¨Ø§Ù„ÙˆØµÙˆÙ„ Ø¥Ù„Ù‰ Ù…ÙˆØ§Ù‚Ø¹ Ø§Ù„Ø§Ù†ØªØ±Ù†Øª Ù…Ù†â€® â€¬ØºÙŠØ± Ù‚ÙŠÙˆØ¯ Ø£Ùˆ Ø¹Ù‚Ø¨Ø§Øª Ùˆ Ø¥Ø¹ØªØ¨Ø§Ø± Ù‡Ø°Ø§ ØÙ‚ Ø¬ÙˆÙ‡Ø±ÙŠ Ù…Ù† ØÙ‚ÙˆÙ‚ Ø§Ù„Ø¥Ù†Ø³Ø§Ù†.
4. Ø¥Ø²Ø§Ù„Ø© Ø¬Ù…ÙŠØ¹ Ù…Ø±Ø´ØØ§Øª Ùˆ ÙÙ„ØªØ±Ø§Øª Ø§Ù„Ø§Ù†ØªØ±Ù†Øªâ€®â€¬ Ø§Ù„ØªÙŠ Ø¥Ù…Ø§ ØªÙ…Ù†Ø¹ Ø£Ùˆ ØªØØµÙŠ Ø¹Ù„Ù‰ Ø§Ù„Ù†Ø§Ø³ Ù…Ø§ Ø¯Ø®Ù„ÙˆÙ‡ Ù…Ù† Ù…ÙˆØ§Ù‚Ø¹.
5. â€¬Ø¥Ù† ÙƒØ§Ù†Øª Ù‡Ù†Ø§Ùƒ ØØ§Ø¬Ø© Ù„ØØ¸Ø± Ù…ÙˆÙ‚Ø¹ Ù…Ø§ØŒ ÙÙŠØ³ØªÙˆØ¬Ø¨ Ø°Ù„Ùƒ Ø§Ù„ØØµÙˆÙ„ Ø¹Ù„Ù‰ Ø£Ù…Ø± Ù…Ù† Ø§Ù„Ø³Ù„Ø·Ø© Ø§Ù„Ù‚Ø¶Ø§Ø¦ÙŠØ© Ùˆ Ù„ÙŠØ³ Ù…Ø¬Ø±Ø¯ Ø¥ØµØ¯Ø§Ø± Ø£Ù…Ø± Ø£Ø¯Ø§Ø±ÙŠ Ø¨Ø°Ù„Ùƒ.